Item description for Extreme Weather Events and Public Health Responses by W. Kirch...
The global climate is changing. During the last 100 years warming has been observed in all continents with an average increase of 0.6 0.2C (man SD) in the course of the 20th century. The greatest temperature changes occurred at middle and high latitudes in the northern hemispheres. The trend towards warmer average surface temperatures for the period since 1976 is roughly three times that of the past 100 years as a whole. In the last decades warming seems to be attributable to human activities (man-made environmental changes) like land-use changes, deforestation, urbanisation and the reduction of wetlands. Global climate change is likely to be accompanied by an increase in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. Climate variability occurs at both the level of gradual change as well as the level of extreme events.
Extreme weather events are those events which society is unable to cope with. They are by definition rare stochastic events. Europe has experienced on unprecedented rate of extreme weather events in the last 30 years. Heat waves occurred in France, Italy, Portugal, Russian Federation, Hungary and Bulgaria between 2000 and 2003. The annual number of warm extremes increased twice as fast as expected based on the corresponding decrease in the rate of cold extremes. On the other hand cold waves brought serious health problems to Northern Europe, Russian Federationand even Bosnia Herzegovina. In 2002 Romania suffered deleterious windstorms and Public Health responses were necessary. Last but not least, in recent years severe flooding occurred in many European countries like U.K., Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Italy and Germany causing enormous damages, e.g. in August 2002. On the basis of current predictions on climate, more extreme weather events have to be faced in the coming years and they are likely to be more severe. Thus appropriate actions have to be undertaken in order to protect the population and the countries affected.
In this book, articles under the following headings are published: "Climate variability and extremes in Europe", "Temperature extremes and health impact", "Response to temperature extremes", "Flooding: the impact on human health", "National case-studying of health care system responses to extreme weather events" and "Recommendations for Public Health responses to extreme weather events". They shed light on the mode of development and the damages caused by extreme weather events and finally give some hints of what has to be done to cope with them.
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Est. Packaging Dimensions: Length: 9.7" Width: 6.9" Height: 0.7" Weight: 1.5 lbs.
Release Date Sep 13, 2005
ISBN 3540244174 ISBN13 9783540244172
Availability 148 units. Availability accurate as of May 24, 2017 04:26.
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Reviews - What do customers think about Extreme Weather Events and Public Health Responses?
European Public Health Response to High Temps and Flooding Jun 25, 2008
I purchased this title with a keen interest in the European public health response to the unprecedented warming and heat wave of 2003 that killed thousands. That event with its high excessive mortality, is a good precursor, in my view, of things to come as the planet warms. 16 chapters of this book detail the lessons learned from this tragedy and what can be done by health departments to respond to future temp extremes. The summary of a WHO working paper in Chapter 27, 'Public Health Respone to Extreme Weather Events' is particularly useful for State and Local PH departments needing basic policy guidance. And a bonus: now with the Midwest mopping up after yet another 100 year flood, American health practitioners should examine chapters 17-21 for a good overview of flooding impacts on public health and the European response. See chapter 20 for examples of priorities in emergency plans that should be targeting the most vulnerable members of the population (the elderly, those with health problesm, the poor, and those with children). The weakest section of the book is 'National Case-Studies' which included very short and fairly useless summaries of extreme weather event experiences in Romania, Bulgaria and Uzbekistan.