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Markedness And Language Change: The Romani Sample (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology) [Hardcover]

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Item description for Markedness And Language Change: The Romani Sample (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology) by Viktor Elsik...

'Markedness' is a central notion in linguistic theory. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive survey of markedness relations across various grammatical categories, in a sample of closely-related speech varieties. It is based on a sample of over 100 dialects of Romani, collected and processed via the Romani Morpho-Syntax (RMS) Database - a comparative grammatical outline in electronic form, constructed by the authors between 2000-2004. Romani dialects provide an exciting sample of language change phenomena: they are oral languages, which have been separated and dispersed from some six centuries, and are strongly shaped by the influence of diverse contact languages. The book takes a typological approach to markedness, viewing it as a hierarchy among values that is conditioned by conceptual and cognitive universals. But it introduces a functional-pragmatic notion of markedness, as a grammaticalised strategy employed in order to priositise information. In what is referred to as 'dynamic', such prioritisation is influenced by an interplay of factors: the values within a category and the conceptual notions that they represent, the grammatical structure onto which the category values are mapped, and the kind of strategy that is applied in order to prioritise certain value. Consequently, the book contains a thorough survey of some 20 categories (e.g Person, Number, Gender, and so on) and their formal representation in various grammatical structures across the sample. The various accepted criteria for markedness (e.g. Complexity, Differentiation, Erosion, and so on) are examined systematically in relation to the values of each and every category, for each relevant structure. The outcome is a novel picture of how different markedness criteria may cluster for certain categories, giving a concrete reality to the hitherto rather vague notion of markedness. Borrowing and its relation to markedness is also examined, offering new insights into the motivations behind contact-induced change.

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Item Specifications...

Pages   475
Est. Packaging Dimensions:   Length: 9.3" Width: 6.4" Height: 1.3"
Weight:   1.75 lbs.
Binding  Hardcover
Release Date   Feb 1, 2006
Publisher   Mouton De Gruyter
ISBN  3110184524  
ISBN13  9783110184525  

Availability  78 units.
Availability accurate as of Oct 20, 2016 05:28.
Usually ships within one to two business days from La Vergne, TN.
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Product Categories

1Books > Subjects > Reference > Foreign Languages > General
2Books > Subjects > Reference > Foreign Languages > Instruction
3Books > Subjects > Reference > General
4Books > Subjects > Reference > Words & Language > General
5Books > Subjects > Reference > Words & Language > Linguistics
6Books > Subjects > Reference > Words & Language > Study & Teaching

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