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The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament (2 Vol. Set): Unabdriged Edition in 2 Volumes [Hardcover]

By Koehler (Author), Baumgartner (Author) & Stamm (Author)
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Item description for The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament (2 Vol. Set): Unabdriged Edition in 2 Volumes by Koehler, Baumgartner & Stamm...

The complete vocabulary of the Hebrew Bible, including those parts of books written in Aramaic, is included in this two-volume study edition. The dictionary combines scholarly thoroughness with easy accessibility by listing entries in alphabetical order rather than according to their roots. This edition is an unabridged version of the five volume edition of "The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament."

Publishers Description
Brill is pleased to present this Study Edition of the "The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament" in two handy volumes. It has proven to be a valuable resource for scholars and students. In this Study Edition the complete vocabulary of the Hebrew Bible, including those parts of books which are written in Aramaic, is available. The dictionary combines scholarly thoroughness with easy accessibility, and so meets the needs of a wide range of users. The enormous advances that have taken place in the field of Semitic linguistics since the days of the older dictionaries of Classical Hebrew are well documented and assessed, as well as the often detailed discussions in modern Bible commentaries of words where the meaning is particularly difficult. But the alphabetical ordering of entries rather than the traditional arrangement of words according to their roots is particularly helpful to the new student, and also saves the advanced user much time. This 2 volumes edition is an unabridged version of the five volume edition of The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament.

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Item Specifications...

Studio: Brill Academic Publishers
Pages   2240
Est. Packaging Dimensions:   Length: 8.81" Width: 6.53" Height: 4.47"
Weight:   6.15 lbs.
Binding  Hardcover
Release Date   Oct 2, 2001
Publisher   Brill Academic Publishers
ISBN  9004124454  
ISBN13  9789004124455  

Availability  0 units.

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Product Categories

1Books > Special Features > New & Used Textbooks > Humanities > Religious Studies
2Books > Subjects > Reference > Dictionaries & Thesauruses > Foreign Language > Aramaic
3Books > Subjects > Reference > Encyclopedias > Religion
4Books > Subjects > Reference > Words & Language > Linguistics
5Books > Subjects > Religion & Spirituality > Christianity > Reference > Criticism & Interpretation > Old Testament
6Books > Subjects > Religion & Spirituality > Christianity > Reference > General
7Books > Subjects > Religion & Spirituality > Christianity > Reference > Language Studies
8Books > Subjects > Religion & Spirituality > Christianity > Reference > Bible > Old Testament

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Reviews - What do customers think about The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, 2 volume set?

The gold standard, but don't ask me to carry it to class for you  Jul 8, 2008
This review is for 4 Hebrew lexicons in common use: Brown-Driver-Briggs, Koehler-Baumgartner, Holladay, and Langenscheidt.

The sizeable Brown-Driver-Briggs lexicon is a development of Gesenius' historic work, and a long-time standard in English speaking countries. However, it has become dated, and now is used mostly because Hendrickson put out a cheaply constructed version keyed to Strong's concordance. Oxford's Clarendon Press edition is superior if you are required to get BDB. In addition, organizing entries by verbal root rather than alphabetically makes it difficult to use "BDB" for those without intimate knowledge of Hebrew. Fortunately, there is an alternative.

The Koehler-Baumgartner lexicon is superb and thorough, and based on the latest Hebrew and Aramaic scholarship. The authors also took into account cognates from Ugaritic and Akkadian, so users of this massive work have a goldmine of information to draw from. By massive, I mean it is over 2000 pages in 2 large volumes. This plus its $190 asking price means it might be better to let the university or seminary library bear the brunt of purchasing and housing it unless you are an Old Testament specialist.

Most readers will be best served by the work of William Holladay, a reasonably sized 426 pp lexicon based on the latest scholarship. Holladay abridged K-B by removing bibliographic references and other information most needed by specialists. It is well organized (alphabetically), and the font is clear. Entries also have references (not exhaustive) to use within the Old Testament, meaning it can be used as a poor man's OT concordance. While Holladay is manageably sized enough (9.75" x 6.875" x 1.25") to be pleasant to read and easily portable in a bookbag, it is not the smallest resource available.

Some may be tempted to go a step further for the ultimate in compactness with the Langenscheidt pocket dictionary. This item is 6" x 4" x 1" and quite lightweight - in its 1959 iteration anyway. Its definitions are limited in scope and scholarly foundation, but still, what else fits in your coat pocket?

My overall recommendation: Holladay for everyone, supplemented by Koehler-Baumgartner for those who need and can afford it.

BDB: 3 stars
K-B: 5 stars
Holladay: 5 stars
Langenscheidt: 4 stars
Koehler - Baumgartner  Mar 3, 2006
This lexicon should be in the library of anyone seeking to understand the deeper meanings of Hebrew words in Tanach. No one text stands alone in that regard; however, it is felt that Koehler - Baumgartner is indispensable for any serious student of Biblical Hebrew, and everyone is a student of this wonderful language. The 2-volume unabridged study edition is affordable and is more space efficient on the shelf. Buy this one with confidence.
The best resource  Feb 12, 2003
The best English lexicon of biblical Hebrew & Aramaic, KBL is also easier to use than the classic BDB. Words are listed alphabetically, rather than grouped by root, with cross-references to other words from the same root (no more trying to figure out a noun's putative "verbal root"). Akkadian tends to dominate the etymological information, rather than Arabic), along with Ugaritic. Glosses tend to be traditional, although references within the articles and the extensive supplementary bibliography (84 pages; alphabetically by author) allow you to find narrative lexical discussions. The Aramaic section is outstanding, with citations ranging far beyond biblical Aramaic. Although some might be tempted to begin with an "intermediate" lexicon such as Holladay, KBL's layout, clarity, and wealth of information makes this appropriate for both beginning students, pastors, teachers, and other scholars.
The New Koehler-Baumgartner  Jan 10, 2001
The printed 5 volume set provides a fine supplementary lexicon for all students of the Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic. The volumes are finely bound, printed on acid-free paper (though not ANSI certified). Each volume is smyth sewn.

Much more asthetic than using a computer screen, the printed version allows you to view all 5 volumes at the same time, even without electricity! Though it cannot compare with the search power of the CD version. The main text is in a two column format and all of the fonts are easy to read.

These volumes will become the standard Hebrew Bible lexicon. Unfortunately! However they should be supplemented with other works because:

(1) They do not show all of the needed etymologies, many entries display no etymological data. (Ernest Klein's work is recommended here). The data from North/West Semitics could be expanded, it is lacking in many entries. Hittite data seems deficient as well as some Sumerian data -- let's face it, they are early influences on the Semitic languages. The Koehler-Baum. work only skims the surface when it comes to etymologies.

(2) Many important works by evangelical scholars (such as S. P. Tregelles, Gleason, Archer, Kyle Yates, E. Young, Robert Dick Wilson, et al) were not even utilized. Too much emphasis was given to the popular works done by secular scholars.

(3) Ugaritic, Phoenician, Arabic and other fonts (scripts) are simply transliterated. They should have been printed out in their original script. Transliteration tables could have also been included for the scholars who are not familiar with these languages, but accuracy can be jeopardized when the original scripts are just transliterated, and it takes time and effort to "recompose" them. Perhaps they were transliterated so that the digital search engines could be simplified. Poor trade off!

(4) Some important definitions are missing for some entries! Thus other lexicons are needed. For example: sh-r-Ha (shin, resh, he) in volume 4, pages 1652f does not show the meaning as "to shine" (from a possible Arabic root) nor as "chains" or "bracelets" as in Isaiah 3:19.

(5) Textual variations are often not listed, and the Qumran literature and data could have been better utilized.

(6) Foreign word indexes could have been supplied, and an index of Biblical passages could have been added. Several hands worked on the 5 volumes, and a variety of abbreviations are used for the Biblical books, making Biblical book cross references difficult even on the CD version.

All in all, a very useful addition. The price is quite high and the folks at Brill often ask too much for their publications. The work NEEDS to be supplemented, and some entries are woefully deficient -- giving only a partial definition. Coupled with the poor etymological data -- this is not acceptable. Gary S. Dykes

A Great Work of Scholarly Value for this Ancient Language  Jun 14, 2000
This series of Lexicons give a never before seen view into ancient Aram and the language of Jesus Christ and his followers. For anyone interested in further study of the passages of the Bible, this is a collection that should be a requirement to add to your library. You will appreciate it more as you study it. The Bible and the Talmud no longer need be cryptic in their original forms.

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