Item description for History and Theology in the Fourth Gospel (Revised and Expanded) (NTL) (New Testament Library) by J. Louis Martyn & Christopher Louis Lloyd...
Overview In his comprehensive survey, Understanding The Fourth Gospel John Ashton divides the history of modern Johannine scholarship into three epochs: Before Bultmann, Bultmann, and After Bultmann. The reference is, of course, to the towering commentary on John by Rudolf Bultmann. In Ashton's view, which many would share, J. Louis Martyn's History and Theology in the Fourth Gospel "for all its brevity is probably the most important single work on the Gospel since Bultmann's commentary".
This volume, a part of the New Testament Library series, surveys the scholarly work that has been done concerning the book of John. J. Louis Martyn also provides his own reading of the forth Gospel.
The New Testament Library offers authoritative commentary on every book and major aspect of the New Testament, as well as classic volumes of scholarship. The commentaries in this series provide fresh translations based on the best available ancient manuscripts, offer critical portrayals of the historical world in which the books were created, pay careful attention to their literary design, and present a theologically perceptive exposition of the text.
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Studio: Westminster John Knox Press
Est. Packaging Dimensions: Length: 0.75" Width: 6" Height: 9" Weight: 0.66 lbs.
Release Date Aug 20, 2003
Publisher Westminster John Knox Press
Series New Testament Library
ISBN 0664225349 ISBN13 9780664225346
Availability 148 units. Availability accurate as of Oct 23, 2016 06:33.
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More About J. Louis Martyn & Christopher Louis Lloyd
J. Louis Martyn is Edward Robinson Professor Emeritus of Biblical Theology at Union Theological Seminary in New York City. He is the author of "The Gospel of John in Christian History" and "Theological Issues in the Letters of Paul".
J. Louis Martyn currently resides in the state of New York. J. Louis Martyn was born in 1925.
J. Louis Martyn has published or released items in the following series...
Reviews - What do customers think about History and Theology in the Fourth Gospel (Revised and Expanded) (NTL) (New Testament Library)?
A Book that Changed the Discourse Feb 7, 2006
In 1925, J. Louis Martyn was born. In this the third edition issued in 2003, some further updating is undertaken and accomplished. The original was published in 1968, and Johannine studies have never been the same. Until this slim but seminal work, it was generally held that John the Apostle was responsible for the gospel bearing that name. Had not Martyn's associate at Union Theological Seminary the great Raymond E. Brown so stated in his book on the Gospel of John in 1965?
Brown's response was quite simple. He accepted Martyn's theories, moved on, and became perhaps the most significant Johannine scholar of the late 20th Century. And what did Martyn posit? Up to five Johns in the New Testament: John the Apostle, John the Evangelist, John the Redactor, John the Presbyter and John the Prophet. He sets the gosel's writing in Ephesus in the late Eighties or Nineties C.E. He finds that the gospel tells us more about the Christian Community in and outside of the Synagogues at Ephesus than it does about Jesus of Nazareth during his earthly ministry. He proposes that the modification of the "Benediction Against Heretics" by contemporary Jewish authorities was to drive Christian Jews out of the Synagogues. There is more, much, much more, but this should suffice to indicate the radical changes Martyn proposed.
Ever since, discussion of John has referrenced this work with the exception of the most literal of the Biblical Literalists. As conservative a scholar as Culpepper, accepts Martyn's basic conclusions. Most scholars since have sided with Martyn to a greater or lesser extent. Those who do not usually feel the necessity of refuting his theories. I gave it four stars because I am not totally convinced of everything the author concludes. However, for originality and centrality to the study of the Johannine studies, there is no peer. The reader should have a general grounding in the New Testament and the very early Christian and Jewish Christian communities to fully appreciate this work. This is not an easy read. But the rewards it offers to the dilligent reader are immeasurable.