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Norway Spruce Conversion: Options and Consequences (Eurpoean Forest Institute Reseach Report) [Hardcover]

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Item description for Norway Spruce Conversion: Options and Consequences (Eurpoean Forest Institute Reseach Report) by Heinrich Spiecker...

Up to the end of the 19th century, many European forests suffered from devastation and soil deterioration, which caused fears of timber shortage. In order to counteract this possible shortage, many forest areas were reforested with coniferous tree species, especially Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst). Consequently, coniferous forests (often Norway spruce forests), consisting of trees of the same age, were established on many sites naturally dominated by broadleaves. As a result, damages caused by storm, snow, ice, drought, insects, fungi and possibly soil degradation seemed to occur more frequently in these secondary Norway spruce forests than in forests consisting of species better adapted to the ambient conditions. Conversion of Norway spruce stands may reduce these risks and upgrade biodiversity and the genetic potential of forests. As the economic results of forestry, future wood markets and various other goods and services that are provided to society by forest ecosystems, are affected by present and future decision-making, all aspects of conversion must be well understood.

EFIs Regional Project Centre, CONFOREST, is continuously striving to improve implementation of conversion projects by consolidation of the expertise available in all forestry disciplines. This book comprises the findings in all conversion-related areas aiming to consider ecosystem needs while ensuring availability of silvicultural methods and operational feasibility of their implementation. Simultaneously, the cost-effectiveness of conversion scenarios is analysed by forestry economists. Since a change in public perception and ecological awareness may cause policy makers to either or not endorse further conversion efforts, input by experts in forestry politics is also provided.



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Item Specifications...


Studio: Brill Academic Publishers
Pages   269
Est. Packaging Dimensions:   Length: 9.4" Width: 6.2" Height: 0.8"
Weight:   1.2 lbs.
Binding  Hardcover
Publisher   Brill Academic Publishers
ISBN  9004137289  
ISBN13  9789004137288  


Availability  0 units.


More About Heinrich Spiecker


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Product Categories

1Books > Subjects > History > Europe > Norway
2Books > Subjects > Home & Garden > Interior Design > General
3Books > Subjects > Home & Garden > Interior Design
4Books > Subjects > Outdoors & Nature > Ecology
5Books > Subjects > Outdoors & Nature > Reference
6Books > Subjects > Professional & Technical > Architecture > Interior Design > General
7Books > Subjects > Professional & Technical > Architecture > Interior Design
8Books > Subjects > Professional & Technical > Professional Science > Agricultural Sciences > Forestry
9Books > Subjects > Professional & Technical > Professional Science > Earth Sciences > Environmental Science
10Books > Subjects > Science > Earth Sciences > Environmental Science
11Books > Subjects > Science > Nature & Ecology > General
12Books > Subjects > Science > Nature & Ecology > Natural Resources > Forests & Forestry
13Books > Subjects > Science > Technology > History of Technology



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