Item description for TRANSITION TO EMINENCE: The Indian Navy 1976-1990 by G. M. Hiranandani...
This volume of the Navy's history covers the period 1976 to 1990. It examines the Navy's success in keeping abreast of advances in technology in step with progressive self-reliance.In a decade and a half of innovation, the Navy equipped its indigenously built frigates, corvettes and other vessels with combinations of the latest available weapons and equipment from the Soviet Union, from Europe and from indigenous sources. A tiny 'ship design cell' that in 1965 was designing yard craft was by 1990 designing an aircraft carrier, submarines and missile destroyers.The new acquisitions from the Soviet Union ranged from missile destroyers, conventional submarines and long-range reconnaissance aircraft to minesweepers. The acquisitions from Britain included the aircraft carrier Viraat, V/STOL Sea Harrier carrier borne fighter aircraft and Seaking helicopters in anti submarine and commando versions. A fleet tanker, landing ships and conventional submarines were acquired from Europe, the submarines as a precursor for commencing their construction in India.All these hi-tech inductions needed to be operated and manned by better-educated and better-trained personnel. New maintenance, repair and refit facilities had to be created. The increase in the volume of spares and the diversity of sources compelled modernization of the logistics system. This volume analyses how these problems were tackled.Between 1987 and 1990, Operation Pawan in Sri Lanka provided valuable experience of supporting troops from seaward and of low intensity conflict in confined waters. This operation is discussed in the context of the strategic sensitivity of India's southern seaboard.
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Vice Admiral GM Hiranandani joined the Navy in 1949. After initial training with the Britain Navy from 1949 to 1953, he specialised in gunnery and missiles in 1957 and at the British Naval Staff and Tactical Colleges in 1965. He first commanded the Naval Battery at Cochin, which is the present Gunnery School. During his illustrious carrier of 40 years, he served in a battleship, an aircraft carrier, in cruisers, destroyers, frigates and a minesweeper. He commanded the Cadet Training Ship in 1970 and commissioned the first Russian missile destroyer, INS Rajput in 1980. From 1969 onwards, he was associated with the Navy's Russian acquisitions, as DWP&T. He was Director Combat Policy and Tactics (1974-77). As a flag officer, he was Chief of Staff Western Naval Command (1981-82), Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff (1983-84), Commander-in-Chief Southern Naval Command (1985-87) and Vice Chief of the Naval Staff (1988-89). During the 1971 War, he was the Fleet Operation Officer Western Fleet. The initial idea of fragile missile boats to be towed by Fleet ships and released like falcons evolved from his practical experiments at sea and culminated in the successful attack on 8 December. Admiral Hiranandani was awarded the NM (Gallantry) in the 1971 Indo-Pakistan War, the AVSM in 1979 for his services as Director Combat Policy and Tactics and the PVSM in 1986 for revitalising the Navy's training institutions.After retiring in 1989, he was appointed to the Union of India's Public Service Commission. On retiring from the UPSC, as its officiating Chairman in 1995, Naval Headquarters asked him to write the official history of the Indian Navy. He authored a trilogy: 'Transition to Triumph' covering the period 1965 to 1975, 'Transition to Eminence' covering the period 1976 to 1990 and 'Transition to Guardianship' covering the last decade of the 21st Century.