Item description for The Schemata of the Stars: Byzantine Astronomy from A.D. 1300 by E. A. Paschos & Panagiotis Sotiroudis...
Most of the knowledge of ancient Greek science survived through Byzantine codices. A short Byzantine article, extant in three manuscripts, contains advanced astronomical ideas and pre-Copernican diagrams; it presents improvements on ancient and medieval astronomy. This book includes the edited version and translation of the text and analyzes its content. It surveys the development of astronomical models from Ptolemy to Byzantium and compares them mathematically with several works of Arab astronomers; as well as with the heliocentric system of Copernicus and Newton.
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Studio: World Scientific Publishing Company
Est. Packaging Dimensions: Length: 0.75" Width: 6.5" Height: 9" Weight: 1 lbs.
Publisher World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN 9810234899 ISBN13 9789810234898
Availability 0 units.
More About E. A. Paschos & Panagiotis Sotiroudis
E. A. Paschos has an academic affiliation as follows - Universitat Dortmund.
Reviews - What do customers think about The Schemata of the Stars: Byzantine Astronomy from A.D. 1300?
A look into Byzantine astronomy. Nov 28, 2002
This translation of an important Byzantine document, first uncovered by the great astronomy historian Otto Neugebauer from Vatican sources, gives us insight into the contributions made by Byzantine astronomers to cosmological theory. It produces evidence that in addition to preserving the ideas of Ptolemy and Islamic contribitors such as al-Tusi, the Byzantines added their own modifications to this corpus. The authors of this translation and commentary suggest that the original document made its way to Italy and may even have influenced Copernicus, who spoke Greek and traveled in Italy. Although this book is somewhat technical with its formulae and epicycles, the more casual reader can skim through these and still get the point. Also, the side-by-side photos of the original text and illustrations with clear schematics next to them, and the translations of their content, will appeal to the more visually-oriented reader. It is exciting to see an original 13th Century document opened up before one's eyes!
Planetary models in Byzantine Jan 7, 1999
This book studies planetary models, described in a Byzantine article, written at the end of the 13th century by the medical doctor and amateur astronomer Gregory Chioniades. The Byzantine manuscript describes the motion of the sun, the moon and the five planets, gives parameters for their trajectories and, in addition, contains thirteen pages with diagrams. The book presents the first edition of the original text (Vat.Gr. 211 ff 106v-121r), its English translation and an extensive analysis of its content. At the exhibit "Rome Reborn" in the Library of Congress, the Byzantine article was described as "one short and confused treatise, translated by Gregory Chioniades, ..." . It is commendable that the authors Paschos and Sotiroudis make a serious effort to analyse the difficult text and compare its contents with Arabic and Persian schools of thought (Ibn-ash-Shatir and al-Tusi) and with the heliocentric models of Copernicus and Newton. They point out the influences that astronomy received from the East and the transmission of the new methods to the West. They show that Chioniades is a master in handling planar rotations and utilizes them to improve the trajectories of the moon and Mercury. The book shows that the ancient astronomical tradition flourished in Byzantium and the classical methods were modified, in a few cases, to include more accurate description of the paths of the planets as a function of time. In addition to historical remarks and comparisons, the book contains analytical methods, which are useful to students of history of sciences.