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An Introduction to the Apocrypha [Paperback]

By Bruce Manning Metzger (Author)
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Item description for An Introduction to the Apocrypha by Bruce Manning Metzger...

In An Introduction to the Apocrypha, Bruce M. Metzger begins by clarifying the term "Apocrypha," and proceeds to discuss the development of the Hebrew canon to the exclusion of the Apocryphal books. He then offers a scholarly analysis of the individual books of the Apocrypha, and probes the significance of New Testament parallels and allusions to the Apopcrypha. Metzger surveys the status accorded the Apocryphal books by the early church fathers, the theologians of the Eastern churches, the leaders of the Reformation and subsequent Protestant theologians, and the Roman Catholic Church. He concludes with a discussion of the pervasive influence of the Apocrypha on the arts. Bibliography and index.

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Item Specifications...

Studio: Oxford University Press, USA
Pages   274
Est. Packaging Dimensions:   Length: 8.02" Width: 5.36" Height: 0.52"
Weight:   0.55 lbs.
Binding  Softcover
Release Date   Nov 17, 1977
Publisher   Oxford University Press
Edition  Revised  
ISBN  0195023404  
ISBN13  9780195023404  

Availability  0 units.

More About Bruce Manning Metzger

Register your artisan biography and upload your photo! Bruce M. Metzger is the George L. Collord Professor of New Testament Language and Literature Emeritus at Princeton Theological Seminary. A past president of the Society of Biblical Literature and the Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas, he has made valuable contributions to the areas of textual criticism, philology, paleography, and translation.

Bruce Manning Metzger has published or released items in the following series...
  1. Its Origin, Development, and Significance

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Product Categories

1Books > Subjects > Religion & Spirituality > Bible & Other Sacred Texts > Bible > New Testament
2Books > Subjects > Religion & Spirituality > Christianity > Reference > Bible Study > General
3Books > Subjects > Religion & Spirituality > Christianity > Reference > General

Christian Product Categories
Books > Bible Study > General Studies > General

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Reviews - What do customers think about An Introduction to the Apocrypha?

Apocrypha  Jan 15, 2007
The book covers the many books of that Apocrypha and discusses why it is thought they were not included and the significance of them to the world at that time.
The Apocrypha Very Well Introduced  Feb 4, 2006

"To many people the word 'Apocrypha' has a mysterious and intriguing sound. They vaguely remember having heard the word applied to what were alleged to be 'the lost books of the Bible'!" Bruce Metzger, Preface

The Mutilated Bible:
When the British and Foreign Bible Society undertook to provide the copy of the bible for presentation to King Edward VII at his coronation in 1902, the Archbishop of Canterbury (Frederick Temple) ruled that a 'mutilated bible' (one lacking the Apocrypha) was unacceptable for the purpose, and as the Society was prevented by its constitution from providing a 'non mutilated' edition, a suitable copy has to be procured at short notice from another source.
A controversy broke out in Germany later in the nineteenth century over suggestions that the apocryphal books, because of their theological 'defects', should no longer be printed as part of the Bible. The case for retaining them was persuasively argued by some of the leading conservatives among Protestant theologians,-" F.F. Bruce, The canon of Scripture, p. 113

Apocrypha & Deuterocanonicals:
Apocrypha means 'hidden things' in Greek. The Apocryphal books of the Bible fall into two categories: texts which were included in some canonical version of the Bible at some point, and other texts of a Biblical nature which have never been canonical. those compositions which profess to have been written either by Biblical personages or men in intimate relations with them.
Deutero means behind, or further from, these books called 'Deuterocanonical,' mean 'books added to the canon.' Deutrocanonical books of the Bible are those of or constituting a second or subsequent canon, books which are included in some version of the canonical Bible, but which have been excluded at one time or another, for textual or doctrinal issues.
Such well known works as the Shepherd of Hermas, the Epistle of Barnabas, and Didache:Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, though formerly considered apocryphal, do really belong to patristic literature, and are thus classified independently.

Apocryphal addition to OT:
During the extended period of the writing of the TanaKh, or the Old Testament, other books written by pious Jewish authors were added, of wcich few are mentioned in the Canon of Scripture, not finally setteled by the rabbis until the Synod of Jamnia, when they discussed which books 'defiled the hands.'
The inter-testamental period (200 BC-200 CE) witnessed the formation of those early centuries Jewish literature that developed out of the traditions of the Hebrew Bible, the Apocrypha, Pseudoepigrapha, and other genres. Reading and interpretation of primary texts, will reflect the competing ideas and responses to the particular historical background proposed by different sects, their messianic expectations and hopes for salvation as key concepts of the historical and theological developments in Judaic traditions during this Greco-Roman period.

NT Apocryphal Citations:
Christianity, and impact of these developments upon Christian tradition, followed from adopting the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, as the text from which the New Testament writers quoted the Old Testament. Most of Old Testament Apocrypha are part of the wider Alexandrian canon of Hebrew Bible in Greek, known as the Septuaguint (Seventy). OT manuscripts found within the Dead Sea Scrolls has confirmed the authentic contents of fourth century uncials like codex Sinaiticus. The Harper Collins NRSV, 1989 edition, has included Psalm 151 only after its confirmation in Hebrew Psalter, by Qumran's cave 11 discovery. Kurt & Barbara Aland give more than 200 New Testament citations and allusions* to Apocryphal and Pseudoepigraphal writings in their reference book, "The text of the New testament", Eerdmans, G. Rapids, 1979, pp 769- 75 (*in: Synoptic Gospels, Acts, James, Hebrews, Romans, Galatians, etc. & Revelations.)

The Apocrypha Introduced:
Professor Metzger introduction of the Apocryphal literature closes the inter-testamental gap between the OT and NT, a vital epoch of Jewish history that explains the prevailing theological climate and Apocalyptic expectations. He begins his informative study with the term itself wrt the Hebrew TaNaKh, and the wider Alexandrine canon of the Septuagint, probing parallels and allusions to the Apocryphal books, that grants them a status within the Ancient Churches. He surveys their history and status through the writings of the early church fathers and the views of the Reformation leaders. His concluding 18th chapter, 'The Pervasive Influence of the Apocrypha' that inspired homilies, meditations, and liturgies is a landmark of this devoted Bible scholar.

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